Interest Rate Swap Valuation and Payment Schedule

Compare fixed and variable legs of an interest rate swap.

Exchange or trade conceptual illustration
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Video Tutorial:

An interest rate swap acts just like it sounds. One entity pays a fixed interest rate to another. They then receive a variable interest rate from that entity. Based on how the variable rate changes, it will determine the difference in cash flows over time and who is paid what and when.

You also have the valuation aspect. It is possible for one side to have to pay more to the other, but the side receiving more cash flow over time actually ends up with a lower net present value because the increase in cash flows to them happens further out in time. This would be driven by the discount rate assumption as well as the amount you expect Libor to change and when you expect that change to happen. All are editable variables within this model.

There are charts to show the accumulated net present value of both variable / fixed legs as well as the non-discounted cash value and the payment schedule of both fixed/variable legs over time (i.e. who pays what to who and when) based on assumptions.

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