Budgeting

Financial business planning, management tools and financial model templates which assist in the preparation of budgets and forecasts.

This banana tree plantation financial model serves as a financial planning tool for evaluating a banana farm's financial feasibility and…

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Financial Model providing a dynamic up to 10-year financial forecast for a startup or existing Furniture Manufacturing Company.

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Financial Model providing a dynamic up to 10-year financial forecast for a startup or existing Car Wash Business.

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Financial Model providing a dynamic up to 10-year financial forecast for a startup or existing Mini Grocery Store.

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Determines optimal sales price for highest profitability, based on comparison of sales at two price points.

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A professional template to budget travel expenses

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Financial Model providing a dynamic up to 10-year financial forecast for a Coffee Shop startup or existing business.

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User-friendly 3 statement 5 year rolling financial projection Excel model for existing/startup family park/venue business

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User-friendly 3 statement 5 year rolling financial projection Excel model for existing/startup entertainment venue business

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This is an equity only (joint venture capable) financial model for building / acquiring self storage property for some time…

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Advanced Financial Model providing a dynamic up to 10-year financial forecast for a Software as a Service (SaaS) startup business.

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Financial model presenting a development scenario for a Residential Building with units available for Sale, Rent, and Retail.

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The model gives the chance to business owners to prepare the profit and loss statement in a short time on…

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Dynamic financial model presenting a potential acquisition of a Multi-family Apartment Complex.

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Dynamic Budgeting & Forecasting Model suitable for any type of industry.

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This financial model spreadsheet template in Excel can be used to assess the financial feasibility of a chili pepper farm…

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Advanced Financial Model providing financial & planning analysis for a startup or existing Trade (Merchandise) Company.

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All About Corporate Budgeting


Budgeting is a norm in every business. The business's strategic plan is laid out to upper management to set an expectation of the company's performance in the budget year. Budgeting serves as the quantitative representation of the business plan, which is also used as a measure of performance. However, no matter how tight the budget is, there are material changes along the way that may cause huge variances between the actual and budget. For this reason, budgets are being revisited for cases that may require specific changes to ensure that desired goals are met. A budgeting template in Excel is proven to be the most useful tool in budgeting given its flexibility and user-friendliness.

 

Preparing a Budget Report in a Comprehensive Budgeting Worksheet


Financial statements are just pieces of the business equation but in reality, the budget provides critical context by providing a base or goal in which performance could be measured.  When budgeting, it is essential to pinpoint where you are strong and where you are entirely off the rails.

Building a budget report is about more than repeating numbers. Managers are interested in how the budget applies to them. They want to know how real numbers pile up against budgeted numbers and how functional areas address this matter. Budget planning can be a little too overwhelming. It's no doubt that you may find it challenging to predict operating costs over a year. We do not know chances in the future. But the safest way to do your budget is by using your previous financial year figures as a base while adding inflation, expected expenditures, and providing a cushion for the unforeseen financial burden that may arise. It is also best to create this in a comprehensive budgeting worksheet that allows flexibility and full functionality as you go through the entire budgeting process.


Translating objectives into budgets using a budgeting template in Excel


Budgeting Obejectives, Target and Measures

In order for a strategy to become effective, it must be quantifiable and measurable.  There is plenty of budgeting template in Excel available online that will ease your way in quantifying these objectives. Meanwhile, here are the four elements to ponder in translating top-tier strategies to budgets.

  1. Set the business's goals or objectives. Setting an objective on what you want to achieve in a given year will steer your direction. Say your goal is a 35% increase in monthly sales.

  2. Develop tactics or strategies that will complement your goal. Technically, if you plan to achieve something bigger, you need to make ways to make it happen. Meaning, you should consider changing your marketing strategy, expand product selection, increasing sales incentive or any decisive maneuver that will make this goal feasible.

  3.  Evaluate the effectiveness of the developed strategy using appropriate measures like the percentage of sales growth. It will help you assess whether your strategy is working or not.

  4. Set the target you would like to accomplish in a given period. The target should be quantifiable and time-bound i.e, an increase in the product sold in a given period.


These targets translated from your objective will now be the base of your budget. Once the budget is implemented, a monthly or quarterly visit is conducted to see whether these figures are achievable or otherwise revise the budget as the case may be. The business budget template passes several revisions to complement the complexity of the budget requirement of the company.

 

Objective of Budgeting


Budgeting is a vital process for any business. As we know, there's always a chance that the budget will differ from the actuals. As managers go through the process, they understand that various conditions may affect their budget, thereby allowing them to counter whatever inconvenience the situation has given. Budgeting also supports managers in building relationships among other members of the organization and interacting on how they could support each other towards achieving a common goal. It also challenges individuals or managers to strive further in achieving this goal by linking compensation or incentive relative to the budget. Most companies provide certain incentives once the budget has been met. The budget will determine whether a department, individual, or company has raised all the efforts to meet this goal. In a budgeting Template in Excel, the managers will be able to see their actual spending over budget, allowing them to control financial activities. Moreover, this business budget template conveniently allows the manager to be assessed or evaluated based on their performance.


Budget to Actual Variance Analysis in a Business Budget Template


An essential function for finance professionals is to perform budget to actual variance analysis. A budget to actual variance analysis is a budgeting method by which a company's budget is compared to actual events and interprets the variance. Ideally, business organizations perform this analysis in detail periodically (i.e, monthly, quarterly, annually) to allow managers to understand their business occurrence. The variance analysis is intended to answer the main question of what caused the variance? The variance could either be favorable or unfavorable variance. The difference is whether the actuals came in better or worse than the measure it is compared to. The variance should not be material enough unless an unexpected event occurred. But if actuals deviate immensely from your budget, take a harder look at the numbers to uncover fact from fiction. Below are some points to consider when performing budget to actual variance analysis.

  1. Review which business activities didn't go as planned. There may be occurrences beyond our control like this pandemic which strike the global economy gradually.

  2. Noting variances allows you to be more aware of what to look for. Take time reviewing your budget and actuals. Sooner or later, you'll find little to no difference in variance analysis as you become better at predicting your expenses.

  3. Use a business budget template that you're most comfortable with. It's generally easier to use a consistent format that allows flexibility and functionality throughout your budget analysis.


To illustrate it further, here’s a sample of a budgeting template for better appreciation. This template shows a monthly and YTD budget to actual variance analysis which also comes in percentages.

Budgeting Sample 4

Budgeting Sample 2

Budgeting Sample 3


What causes the variances?


This is the question that will finance analyst have to answer the management when the report is shown.  If the variances noted are significant, the analysts should be able to investigate what causes it. For example, repairs and maintenance resulted in a significant negative variance; the facilities manager then answered the reason for this variance. There may be a major repair in the production machine which was not predicted, thus resulted in a negative variance. Another example is material expense variance which is caused by a shortage of supply and drives the purchasing department to purchase a more expensive alternative; otherwise, production will stop. These are just some of the reasons why variances occur. The financial analyst will only have to pinpoint what goes wrong and eventually require department managers to uncover reasons for the variances. If the variance is expected to be repetitive, then it is best to adjust the budget accordingly. A few modifications could help bring the budget to actual analysis in line.


Different kinds of budget


Ideally, budgets are typically represented in a budgeted income statement, balance sheet, and cash flow. However, most of us do not know that this three statement has been built part by part by a different department within the organization. A sound budget structure is developed around a master budget, including operating budget, capital expenditure budget, and cash budget, and built-in a comprehensive budgeting worksheet.

Different Kind of Budget


Operational Budget


The operational budget is about the day-to-day activities of the business. It represents the income-generating activities of the business i.e. sales, production, and inventory. Building an operating budget is a collaborative exercise of executives and managers. The following or essential component of the operational budget.

Revenue Budget 

Initially, they assess the coming year's revenue by referencing historical performance and market variables such as changes in the economy, new company or product launching, seasonal change, etc.

Production Budget

This budget allows the business to see how many units or hours to produce to meet the sales budget and required ending inventory.

Direct Material Purchases Budget

This budget provides the cost of each raw material needed in the production process.

Direct Labor Budget

It manifests the cost of total direct labor and labor hours needed in the production process. It allows managers and executives to plan their labor force demands.

Overhead Budget

It contains all manufacturing costs other than direct labor and material.

It may either be variable costs which are directly attributable to the sales or fixed costs, which includes all cost that the business regularly incurs with or without sales. Examples include utilities, insurance, and rentals.

Ending Finished Goods Inventory Budget

It provides the business the value of each unit produced based on raw materials, direct labor, and overhead.

Cost of Goods Sold Budget

It is the cost of production for the units sold. Essentially, the cost of goods sold can be calculated if the beginning inventory, direct material purchase budget, direct labor, and overhead.

Selling and Administrative Budget

The indirect cost of the operational budget includes selling and administrative expenses. It consists of all costs of non-manufacturing or non-production departments like accounting, engineering, IT, human resource, and so on.

Budgeted Income Statement

Once these budgets are completed, all the information needed to supply the income statement is ready; therefore, a budgeted income statement will be available until the operating income.

 

Capital Budget


Capital budgets include long-term capital investments that are favorable for the business in the long-run but may require significant demand on the business cash flow. These may include purchasing a new building, machinery, and equipment, IT or software systems, etc.


What does Capital Budgeting mean?


Capital budgeting is a means of determining the business's long-term investments that are worth pursuing. Since it involves a material cash outlay, this decision must be studied carefully, whereas benefits shall essentially exceed its cost.

 

How does Capital Budgeting Works?


The business must consider the most appropriate capital budgeting techniques such as Internal Rate of Return(IRR), Net Present Value(NPV), Payback Period, etc., in determining the project to be accepted. Ideally, the IRR of the project must be higher than the weighted average cost of capital(WACC) to be considered a sound investment. This analysis involves estimating cash flows that the project will generate throughout the economic life of the project. Most business budget template includes calculation of these capital budgeting metrics, which are also available in our website.


Cash Budget


The cash budget depicts the business's future cash flows in a given period. It basically ties up the operational and capital budgeting and considers the timing of receipt and payment. It assesses the expected cash receipts and future cash disbursement in a particular budget period. Nonetheless, the cash position must be ascertained more frequently to keep track of the budget. The cash budget may also dictate the next step the company would take. It allows management to strategize further should an unpleasant situation arise. The management may boost their collection, increase bank borrowing, cost-cutting, or negotiate for vendor payments as the case may be.


Using Budget Template in Excel


Are you planning to create a budget plan but don't know where to start? Are you running a business and want to manage your finances to help you get by and get the opportunity to succeed financially? Are you looking for a convenient tool to serve as a template to build your budget plan out of? If you are, then we recommend for you to check our various budget templates in Excel listed above.

From Personal Financial Plan Template, Budgeting Worksheets, Budgeting Templates to Business Budget Template, you can choose whichever fits the criteria you're looking for. Start budgeting now and take advantage of these very convenient Excel budgeting templates for you to use as a base when creating a budget plan for yourself or your business.


Conclusion: Budgeting saves businesses from financial distress


Budgeting is never easy, especially if you are constraints with adequate funding to support your expenses. However, keeping your budget handy will surely save your business from financial distress in the future. Discovering why your actuals exceed your budgets is not always simple. But once you understand what went wrong, you could start making necessary adjustments and become a better forecaster. Additionally, performing variance analysis regularly will uncover trends that could have been ignored. This analysis will also help business owners make informed decisions addressing matters in a timely and effective manner with the aid of financial analysis and budget reports.