Debt Schedule

Listed here are industry-specific financial model templates with a debt schedule included. A debt schedule template forecasts a company's debt or the expected balance, repayment, and interest of a specific debt position.

This banana tree plantation financial model serves as a financial planning tool for evaluating a banana farm's financial feasibility and…

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The financial model presents the business case of a SaaS online business. Software as a service (SAAS) is a software…

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The financial model presents the business case of an eCommerce Website. An eCommerce website is an online destination where buyers…

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The financial model presents the business case of a Mobile App Business. A mobile application, also referred to as a…

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Versatile loan calculator! No more generic loan information with a single interest rate used over the life of the loan…

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Starting a fast food restaurant without a financial plan is like driving a car blindfolded. You wouldn´t do it because…

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The financial model presents the business case of an eCommerce Platform. An eCommerce Platform is a software solution that allows…

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Starting a Coffee Shop without a financial plan is like driving a car blindfolded. You wouldn´t do it because you…

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The financial model presents the business case of an online marketplace. A marketplace is a user-friendly platform that allows buyers…

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This is a 5-year startup model for the rental business. There is specific logic to show the projections and cash…

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The Financial Business Plan Template for starting a Nail Salon was developed to obtain a comprehensive view on the economics…

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Starting a restaurant without a financial plan is like driving a car blindfolded. You wouldn´t do it because you are…

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This financial model spreadsheet template in Excel can be used to assess the financial feasibility of a chili pepper farm…

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The Franchise Fast Food Excel Financial Model is tailored to evaluate the feasibility of a Fast Food Franchise, and will…

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The financial model I have built contains all the advanced corporate finance concepts referring to agribusiness, projects the three financial…

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This easy to use Financial Model template enables you to model your Ecommerce business in an intuitive way. This is…

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This Financial Model Template in Excel provides an easy way to forecast the financial performance of RNG business. The model…

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Highly sophisticated and user-friendly financial model for an All-Day Bar and Restaurant business.

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6 different Financial Model Tests with one coming with a solution. The Models are focused on Infrastructure Assets.

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Highly-sophisticated and user-friendly financial model providing 10-Year Financial Plan for a Hotel under a Lease Agreement.

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Waterfall models in real estate projects are one of the most difficult concepts to understand. Cash flow from a development…

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The goal of this model is to assist you with starting or buying a cacao farm. The financial spreadsheet templates…

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Advanced Financial Model presenting a potential acquisition of a public or private company using a significant amount of borrowed funds.

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A self-made Modeling Test with a solution for Onshore Wind Turbines plant. The case study is in Chile assuming a…

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Advanced Financial Model presenting a potential Merger & Acquisition (M&A) transaction between two companies.

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A collection of templates suitable for various types of businesses/industries, covering major accounting, financial analysis, business valuation, and other related…

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The Model Incorporates data provided by different available sources to Model an Electrolysis financial model. It includes Electrolyzer cost, Dispenser,…

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Our full-fledged financial model in excel format has the functionality to run unlimited activity scenarios. It is built due to…

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Supermarket Financial Model presents the business case of an already operating supermarket / grocery chain business. The model generates the…

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The goal of this model is to assist you with starting or buying a coffee farm. The financial spreadsheet templates…

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What is Debt Schedule?


It's critical to have a firm grasp on the specifics of your payment schedules and interest rates. A business debt schedule makes it simple to gather and review your company's debts so that repayments can be planned accurately and efficiently. They can even assist you in determining whether your company is eligible for a second small business loan. This is now where Debt Schedule comes into play.

A debt schedule template is a tool that lays out all of the debt a business has which helps to review, assess, and visualize the debts. By building a debt schedule, a business will be able to make strategic decisions on whether to pay off debt, acquire new debt, or create long-term projections for investors and creditors. A debt naturally requires periodic payment, otherwise, the interest will keep on increasing. A business debt schedule is basically a list of all the debts your business currently owes, such as:

  • Loans– could be money, property, or other material goods that is given to another entity in exchange for future repayment of the loan value amount included with interest or other finance charges. Both parties (lender-borrower) must abide by mutual agreement before anything is given.

  • Leases– mostly used for real-estate agreements, leases are legal and binding contracts that outline the terms under which the owner of the property, the lessor, agrees to rent their property to the lessee or the tenant. It requires regular payments from the lessee for a specified number of months or even years. Both parties are subjected to consequences if they failed to uphold the legal contract.

  • Contracts– could be verbal or written agreement by both parties. There are many types of contracts, especially when running a business. Most of it is written contracts to ensure legality and also to bind a contractual commitment between the parties.

  • Notes Payable – represents a loan from a financing source such as banks which requires a formal loan agreement. It also stands for all the promissory notes issued/drafted to owed parties. In business terms, it is a note promising to repay the money owed in the future.

  • Miscellaneous other Periodic Payables– other payables which guarantee both parties benefits and an agreement is made.


The short-term accounts payable and accrued liabilities are normally not included as they are considered as regular expenses, not to mention the payroll, real-estate taxes, and other types of taxes, which are also expenses that are accrued and recorded in the balance sheet. Each debt listed in the business debt schedule should include all the needed details such as the following:

  • Creditor / Lender

  • Original amount of debt

  • Current balance

  • Interest rate

  • Monthly payment

  • Due date

  • Maturity date

  • Collateral


By laying down all the details on the debt schedule, as the business owner, you will be able to quickly assess an overview of all your business’ current debt, especially in cases where you make a decision such as either to take out more debt, which debt to repay first, or to renegotiate with the creditor/lender.

 

Components of a Debt Schedule Template


When making a debt schedule model, there are several components that are critical and need to be included, such as:

  • Projected Debt Balance – opening / current debt balance subtracted by repayments

  • Debt Repayment Schedule – schedule determining which debt to repay first

  • Debt Drawdowns – gradually issuing funds instead of taking out the full debt amount

  • Interest Expense – expected interest expenses that will be accrued over time

  • Closing Balance – ending balance at the end of the period


 

Every component is strictly tracked until maturity and comprised the full debt schedule model. But of course, there are important factors to consider as you build a debt schedule model, such as:

  1. Debt Maturity
    A very important factor that every borrower needs to consider. When taking out a loan, one must first look at the debt maturity date for this will determine how much interest you will have to give in, aside from the original amount owed. Since most debts are amortized and paid monthly, the longer the maturity of the debt, the lower the amount you will have to pay monthly, but this also means that the total sum of debt owed will be bigger due to the accrued interest added.

  2. Interest Rate
    Another important factor that makes a debt, a liability. It helps remind a borrower that nothing is free especially when it involves money. Every debt will always be tagged with an interest rate which will be accrued every month or depending on the agreement between the lender and borrower. It is said that the lower the interest rate, the better, but that is not always the case. A lender could extend the debt maturity date which basically means, the interest accrued will still be greater compared to a short-term date with a higher interest rate. So, the importance of calculating the interest rate is the biggest determining factor before signing the agreement.

  3. Floating or Fixed Interest
    When acquiring debt, one must determine whether the debt has a floating interest rate or a fixed interest rate. These are two important factors that could be considered troublesome, such as when the debt has a floating interest rate since it greatly affects the overall amount of debt annually. So, if there’s a fluctuation with the figures, the debt schedule model made will have to be updated again. On the other hand, if the debt has a fixed interest rate, it will provide a reliable calculation and a much more accurate projection. But this doesn’t mean that a floating interest rate is not a good choice, it is still a better choice for a low or declining interest rate environment.

  4. Repayment Capability
    Before even taking out debt, one must ensure that as a borrower, you will have a steady stream of income to repay the debt off. This is actually the topmost priority to consider before even talking about debt. Any failure to comply according to the agreement will result in dire consequences such as forced liquidation and a loss of trust. Reputation is everything for a business, thus, it is important that the debt must be repaid before or until it reached its maturity date.


Debt Schedule Example


Below is an example of a Debt Schedule. It shows the important components we needed to analyze our debt refinance and repayments such as the interest rate, drawdown percentage, repayment percentages and the beginning balances of the debt to be repaid.



This illustration basically shows that from 2021 to 2023, a loan totaled 800,000 was made. Then starting 2024 to 2029, the debt is repaid with regards to the interest, drawdown, and repayment rates set beforehand on the illustration to see how much more loan to get and when to start repaying using specific rates.

 

Debt Schedule Summary


The below example shows a much comprehensive Debt Schedule Summary showing additional important details regarding your debt refinance and repayments. We can now see Relevant Figures such as bank ratios and percentage details that may affect securing and repaying debts, and finally, the Debt Balance yearly schedule depending on the refinancing and repaying activities made.


Uses and Significance of a Debt Schedule


Aside from keeping all your finances organized, there are several uses for a debt repayment schedule.

  • Raise Financing from banks – This is simply the key reason as to why you should build or use a debt schedule for your business. Why? The debt schedule can tell us when is the most suitable time to acquire additional finances from banks and when to pay it and at what interest percentage.

  • Accurate bookkeeping and forecasting– with a detailed report of all the needed data of each debt, it will be easier to create a projection of how much you’ll have to stake out from your business as you set goals in the future too.

  • Monitoring financial health– you’ll be able to monitor how your business is doing and also help direct your repayments to which debt must be repaid first.

  • Determine if you can get a new debt– using the debt schedule will help you calculate if your business can handle another debt.

  • Tracking repayment– since every debt will incur interest as time goes by, the debt schedule will help you not miss a payment and keep the interest added on a down low.

  • Estimate total amount– the ability to estimate how much a business will have to pay once the debt matures.

  • Tool for negotiation– the debt schedule can be used as an instrument to convince lenders to give you a new line of credit, negotiate better interest rates, attract potential investors, etc.

  • Don't Miss a Payment - Having all of your payments in one place is one of the most important functions of a debt schedule, and it should give you peace of mind.

  • Create a Payment Strategy - By aligning your payments, you'll be able to make payments with more confidence, knowing that you've planned ahead.


In summary, the ability to estimate the total amount owed once a debt matures is the primary reason for creating a debt schedule as well as using this tool allows the company to track the debt's maturity and make decisions based on it, such as refinancing the debt with a different institution/source when the interest rate falls.